National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges

School Justice Partnership: National Resource Center

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention


National Bullying Prevention Month

October is National Bullying Awareness Month. Bullying is a public health issue according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and can happen in a variety of places (classroom, online, in the community). Bullying is defined as 

unwanted aggressive behavior(s) by another youth or group of youth…involving an observed or perceived power imbalance and is repeated multiple times or highly likely to be repeated” (CDC, 2017). 

Physical, verbal, relational and damage to property are the four forms of bullying. Cyberbullying, an increasing issue, is not separate type of bullying but can be either verbal or relational. Typically the highest rates of bullying occur among middle school students but all grade levels, even by preschoolers, report bullying. Estimates of prevalence vary (18 – 31%) but typically one in three youth experience some form of bullying, with certain groups who may be more vulnerable to bullying (kids with disabilities and LGBTQ youth). Some think of bullying as just a part of growing up, but the harm caused to victims and witnesses can last a long time, sometimes into adulthood.

As with any public health issue, prevention is critical to reducing the number of victims of bullying. Many schools, youth groups, parents, national organizations, and government entities are taking steps to reduce the number of youth who are bullied. The CDC recommends school-based approaches to reducing bullying by supervising students effectively, utilizing school rules and classroom management which seeks to detect, address, and provide consequences for bullying, implementing  schoolwide anti-bullying policy and consistently enforcing subsequent policies, and creating and promoting collaborative cooperation among various stakeholders, and between school staff and parents (CDC, 2017).  In addition, the National Academies of Science, Engineering and Medicine developed a toolkit, Preventing Bullying through Science, Policy and Practice. This resource provides useful information about bullying, prevention techniques and how to identify symptoms for youth, parents, schools, community leaders, healthcare providers, policymakers and researchers.


Click here to visit the Preventing Bullying through Science, Policy and Practice website to access additional information and resources. 

The Pacer's National Bullying Prevention Center founded the National Bullying Prevention Month campaign in 2006. Click here to access resources to share with your community to support bullying prevention. 

Save-the-date and wear orange! On October 25th join the Unity Day to support bullying prevention. Click here to learn more about this initiative. 

 National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges (NCJFCJ)

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Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP)

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention