School Justice Partnership: National Resource Center

National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges

Resource Topic: police

Excerpt: Cops in schools: It's a contentious issue in contemporary American society. School administrators and law-enforcement partners are concerned about it. But other partners—including teachers, counselors, other school staff members, and parents— ...

Resource Type

"In considering different strategies for promoting productive and safe school environments, it can be difficult to know what works and what doesn’t. In particular, longstanding debates about zero tolerance policies leave many people confused about the bas ...

Keywords,
Resource Type
OrganizationCenter of Youth at the Vera Institute of Justice
Journal or PublicationIssue Brief

Excerpt: This resource is intended to help educators understand how they might address the interplay of race and trauma and its effects on students in the classroom. After defining key terms, the guide outlines recommendations for educators and offers ...

Resource Type
OrganizationNational Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN)

Each year, nearly 380,000 minors experience “unaccompanied” homelessness — meaning they are homeless and without a parent or guardian — for a period of longer than one week. (1) These young people, much like their adult counterparts, are often cited, arre ...

Resource Type
OrganizationCoalition for Juvenile Justice
Journal or PublicationPublication
Advancing School Discipline Reform

New data from the Civil Rights Data Collection (CRDC) estimates that over 3 million students are suspended or expelled every year, with minorities and special needs students often facing harsher discipline than their peers for the same offenses. Such excl ...

Resource Type
OrganizationNational Association of State Board of Education
Journal or PublicationEDUCATION LEADERS REPORT
Arrested Futures: The Criminalization of School Discipline in Massachusetts’ Three Largest School Districts

On October 23, 2007, a 14-year-old boy at the Kennedy Middle School in Springfield, Massachusetts, was arrested after he refused to walk with a teacher to her office and instead returned to his classroom. According to the police report, he yelled at the t ...

Resource Type
OrganizationAmerican Civil Liberties Union and Citizens for Juvenil...

Excerpt: The Averted School Attacks Data Collection Platform seeks to improve the amount of information pertaining to averted school attacks as a part of the data systems enhancement efforts that stem from the Comprehensive School Safety Initiative. T ...

Resource Type
OrganizationPolice Foundation: Advancing Policing Through Innovatio...

Excerpt: School-based police officers, known as school resource officers (SROs), have become a common and growing presence in schools across the nation. The presence of law enforcement in school, while intended to increase school safety, has also been ...

Resource Type
OrganizationGeorgetown Law Center on Poverty and Inequality; Nation...
Can Police Officers Be Effective Mentors for At-Risk Youth?

Two years ago, Houston, Texas, Assistant Chief of Police Brian Lumpkin was assigned by Chief of Police Charles McClelland to increase and improve programming for the citizens of Houston. A federal funding opportunity through the Community Oriented Policin ...

Resource Type
OrganizationInternational Association of Chiefs of Police
Journal or PublicationThe Police Chief: The Professional Voice of Law Enforce...
Case Studies of 19 School Resource Officer (SRO) Programs

There has been a growing interest in placing sworn law enforcement officers in schools as School Resource Officers (SROs) as a means of improving school safety and improving relations between police officers and youth. However, when this project began in ...

Resource Type
OrganizationNational Institute of Justice
Civil Rights Data Collection - Data Snapshot: School Discipline

Resource Type
OrganizationU.S. Department of Education Office for Civil Rights
Journal or PublicationSchool Discipline Issue No. 1
Clayton County School Protocol Agreement

Example cooperative agreement between public school system, police department, child welfare, district attorneys, behavioral health services, and juvenile justice.

Resource Type
OrganizationClayton County
Collecting Data and Sharing Information to Improve School-Justice Partnerships

Juvenile courts nationwide handle cases referred by schools for truancy or behavioral incidents. Since 2012, the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges (NCJFCJ) have trained jurisdictions on strategies and policies to reduce the number of re ...

Resource Type
OrganizationNational Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges
Journal or PublicationPublication
CONNECTICUT SCHOOL-BASED DIVERSION INITIATIVE MANUAL

This manual summarizes the major activities of the Connecticut School-Based Diversion Initiative (SBDI); an initiative funded by a grant from the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. The manual is intended to aid communities in developing their ...

Resource Type
OrganizationJudicial Branch’s Court Support Services Division

Excerpt: Communities of color have a long-standing history of inequitable treatment by the police in the U.S. In recent years, activists with the Black Lives Matter movement have helped to raise the profile of the destructive treatment of the black comm ...

Resource Type
OrganizationNational Juvenile Justice Network
Journal or PublicationPublication

High rates of suspensions and expulsions are daunting problems affecting many California schools. In part, these rates are the result of Zero Tolerance policies enacted in the early 1990s to improve school safety. Although Zero Tolerance policies original ...

Resource Type
OrganizationThe California Endowment

The National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges joined by the Honorable Steven Teske, Chief Judge, Clayton County, Georgia, introduces and discussed the steps to develop a MOU during this interactive online training. A memorandum of understand ...

Category:Webinars
Resource Type
OrganizationClayton County Juvenile Detention Alternatives Initiati...

Disparities in the use of school discipline by race, gender, and sexual orientation have been well-documented and continue to place large numbers of students at risk for short- and long-term negative outcomes. In order to improve the state of our knowledg ...

Resource Type
OrganizationDiscipline Disparities Collaborative

The webisode held 11/15/2016 "explored the changing role of law enforcement in addressing youth and young adults with a mental illness. The program will discuss evidence-based strategies to combine efforts of police officers, mental health educators, and ...

Resource Type
OrganizationSAMHSA

Discipline in schools, when appropriately used, can help to create structure and establish rules for a well-functioning classroom and school. All students should feel safe, and have a positive environment in which to learn. The underlying empirical data s ...

Resource Type
OrganizationCLASP

Excerpt: This Toolkit provides practical tools and resources to assist law enforcement agencies in building or enhancing effective operational responses to children exposed to violence (with or without a mental health partner). This toolkit contains t ...

Resource Type
OrganizationInternational Association of Chiefs of Police; Yale Med...
Journal or PublicationPublication

In the nine years since Congress reauthorized the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) as the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB), startling growth has occurred in what is often described as the “School-to-Prison Pipeline”1 – the use of educational p ...

"Bridgeport School Arrests, Suspensions Down” declared a July 2015 headline in the Connecticut Post.1 Communities across the United States are seeing similar results as they try to decrease “school exclusion” discipline methods such as school-based arrest ...

Resource Type
OrganizationInternational Association of Chiefs of Police
Journal or PublicationPublication

In the name of public safety, Black children in Oakland are being arrested at vastly disproportionate rates. This derails their opportunities for educational success while failing to ensure our children’s safety. From Report Card to Criminal Record: The I ...

Keywords
Resource Type
OrganizationBlack Organizing Project, Public Counsel, and the ACLU ...

In the wake of the tragic shooting at Sandy Hook Elementary School, communities, advocates, and policymakers across the country are proposing and already implementing different ways to address gun violence in our society—such as passing new gun control me ...

Resource Type
OrganizationAmerican Bar Association (ABA)
Journal or PublicationSection of Litigation Children's Rights Litigation

Our nation’s schools should be safe havens for teaching and learning free of crime and violence. Any instance of crime or violence at school not only affects the individuals involved but also may disrupt the educational process and affect bystanders, the ...

Resource Type
OrganizationBureau of Justice Statistics, National Center for Educa...
Journal or PublicationPublication

Excerpt - There has also been little research on how youth behaviors and decision-making influence police–youth contact (Brunson and Weitzer 2011), or on how officers’ concerns for community safety and their own safety influence these interactions. ...

Resource Type
OrganizationOffice of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (...

The most disadvantaged, troubled students in the South and the nation attend schools in the juvenile justice systems. These children, mostly teenagers, usually are behind in school, possess substantial learning disabilities, exhibit recognizable behavior ...

Resource Type
OrganizationSouthern Education Foundation

As the education of our children – our nation’s future – and the school-justice connection has increasingly captured public attention, the sunshine of increased graduation rates has brought into sharp focus the shadow of the so-called school-to-prison pip ...

Resource Type
OrganizationNew York State Permanent Judicial Commission on Justice...

Excerpt: The “school-to-prison pipeline,” a term that has garnered a great deal of attention in recent years, describes the direct link between exclusionary school discipline practices and students’ subsequent involvement in the juvenile justice syste ...

Resource Type
OrganizationCenter for Juvenile Justice Reform, Georgetown Universi...
Journal or PublicationPublication

The last twenty years have seen a remarkable increase in the criminalization of American schools and students. What officially began in 1994 with the signing of the federal Gun Free School Zone’s Act (GFSA), has escalated from a series of reforms intende ...

Resource Type
OrganizationNew York State Juvenile Justice Advisory Group
National Assessment of School Resource Officer Programs Final Project Report

There has been a growing interest in placing sworn police officers in schools as SROs to improve school safety. However, when this project began in May 2000, little was known about SRO programs (appendix A identifies the principal published and selected u ...

Keywords
Resource Type
OrganizationNational Institute of Justice

The Council of State Governments (CSG) Justice Center has released a new report "Realizing the Full Vision of School Discipline Reform: A Framework for Statewide Change," which documents how five states have reduced their reliance on suspensions while mov ...

Resource Type
OrganizationThe Council of State Governments Justice Center; with s...
Journal or PublicationPublication

Criminalizing kids for minor misbehavior in our schools unnecessarily exposes them to our justice system and increases the likelihood they will drop out of school and face later incarceration. Involvement of all stakeholders, including judicial leaders, i ...

Resource Type
Journal or PublicationTrends in State Courts

Humans are born to learn, but we don’t learn in isolation. We learn based on positive relationships and interactions with peers and in environments like schools that foster opportunities for students and staff to learn and grow together. Educators recogni ...

Resource Type
OrganizationRestorative Practices Working Group
Safety with Dignity: School Climate Leadership Team Report

In February of 2015, Mayor Bill de Blasio launched the Leadership Team on School Climate and Discipline—a one-year task force charged with developing policy recommendations to enhance the well-being and safety of students and staff in the City’s public sc ...

Keywords
Resource Type
OrganizationCity of New York
School Pathways to the Juvenile Justice System Project: A Practice Guide

The NCJFCJ has published this guide as part of a larger project addressing school discipline referrals to the juvenile justice system. The project aims to reduce the number of referrals to the juvenile justice system for school based behaviors through the ...

Resource Type
OrganizationNational Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges

A survey of almost 700 school resource officers includes sobering statistics about the high number of crimes and assaults prevented by school-based police officers. A high school principal who lived through a school shooting told Education World that such ...

Resource Type
Journal or PublicationEducation World

Some policymakers have expressed renewed interest in school resource officers (SROs) as a result of the December 2012 mass shooting that occurred at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, CT. SROs are sworn law enforcement officers who are assigned to w ...

Keywords
Resource Type
OrganizationCongressional Research Service

As scrutiny of the relationship between law enforcement agencies and the communities they're charged with protecting continues – heightened following the deaths of Michael Brown, Eric Garner and Tamir Rice, among others, at the hands of police – some are ...

Resource Type
Journal or PublicationU.S. News and World Report

For students and educators to achieve their full potential, safe schools are fundamental. Students who report feeling safe in school are more engaged in class, have higher academic achievement, and have lower rates of absenteeism, truancy, and behavioral ...

Resource Type
OrganizationNational Center for Mental Health Promotion and Youth V...
Journal or PublicationNational Center Brief

With more attention being paid to the safety of young people while they are at school, many communities are considering strategies which are intended to make schools safer environments. Although statistics on school crime and violence convey that such cri ...

Resource Type
OrganizationCenter for the Prevention of School Violence

Youth courts, also called teen courts or student courts, handle cases involving young people referred by schools, parents, law enforcement, and other criminal justice agencies. Schools are increasingly adopting youth courts to use in place of detention a ...

Keywords
Resource Type
OrganizationCenter for Court Innovation

In 2008, the new Mental Health/Juvenile Justice Action Network selected “early diversion” as its first area of focus. Its goal was to create opportunities for youth with mental health needs to be diverted as early as possible from involvement with the juv ...

Resource Type
OrganizationModels for Change
Journal or PublicationInnovation Brief
School–Based Partnerships: A Problem-Solving Strategy

The Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS Office) funded the School-Based Partnerships (SBP) grant program for the purpose of partnering law enforcement agencies with schools to address crime and disorder problems in and around middle and h ...

Resource Type
OrganizationOffice of Community Oriented Policing Services
State of Arizona Systems of Integration Initiative Information Sharing Guide

This Field Guide is written for Assistant Attorneys General, Child Protective Service Specialists (case managers), County Attorneys, Court Appointed Special Advocates, Behavioral Health Treatment Providers, Juvenile Probation and Parole Officers, and Scho ...

Resource Type
OrganizationArizona Juvenile Justice Commission
SUMMARY OF 2013 INTERGOVERNMENTAL AGREEMENT BETWEEN DPS AND DPD

This is a brief summary of the key policies and language contained in the 2013 Intergovernmental Agreement (IGA) between Denver Public Schools (DPS) and the Denver Police Department (DPD). The IGA was publicly signed by DPS Superintendent Tom Boasberg and ...

Keywords
Resource Type
OrganizationPadres Unidos and Advancement Project

In the early 1990s, many schools adopted zero tolerance policies, which mandate the use of specific disciplinary consequences—often severe and punitive—in an effort to increase school safety. Originally designed to reduce weapon-carrying in schools, these ...

Resource Type
OrganizationEducation Development Center, Inc.
The court’s role in Dismantling the school-to-Prison Pipeline

The juvenile justice system in America is a paradox when it comes to promoting the welfare of our nation’s young people. We have come a long way from old English common law which treated children as adults under the "vicious will” doctrine,1 to creating j ...

Resource Type
OrganizationNational Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges
Journal or PublicationJuvenile and Family Justice Today

Ironically, zero tolerance policies once promoted as a solution to youth violence have created a school to prison pipeline. Widespread discipline practices of suspension, expulsion, and arrest for school behavior problems are turning kids in conflict int ...

Resource Type
Journal or PublicationReclaiming Children and Youth

School resource officers (SROs) have become a permanent presence in many K-12 schools throughout the country. As a result, an emerging body of research has focused on SROs, particularly on how SROs are viewed by students, teachers, and the general public. ...

Resource Type
Journal or PublicationSage Open

Exert: The Final Report of the President’s Task Force on 21st Century Policing points out how the mission of law enforcement is “to build trust between citizens and their peace officers so that all components of a community are treating one another fai ...

Resource Type
OrganizationCOPS

Please join the International Association of Chiefs of Police, in partnership with the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges and supported by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention's School Justice Collaboration Program i ...

Resource Type
OrganizationInternational Association of Chiefs of Police, National...
The School Discipline Consensus Report: Strategies from the Field to Keep Students Engaged in School and Out of the Juvenile Justice System

RESEARCH AND DATA ON SCHOOL DISCIPLINE practices are clear: millions of students are being removed from their classrooms each year, mostly in middle and high schools, and overwhelmingly for minor misconduct. When suspended, these students are at a signif ...

Resource Type
OrganizationJustice Center The Council of State Governments

The Portal offers law enforcement, criminal justice, and school personnel an opportunity to gain critical knowledge and training on issues impacting youth in their community such as: school safety, safeguarding children of arrested parents, and child sex ...

Resource Type
OrganizationInternational Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP)

Columbine High School, Littleton, Colorado. Heath High School, West Paducah, Kentucky.3 Westside Middle School, Jonesboro, Arkansas. Zero tolerance policies5 were adopted in these schools and around the country in response to tragic school shooting eve ...

Resource Type
Journal or PublicationWashington University Law Review

 National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges (NCJFCJ)

Register for Updates

Please sign up to receive special email updates and alerts from the site, including our School-Justice Partnership Project Newsletter. 

Register Now!