School Justice Partnership: National Resource Center

National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges

school discipline

Resource Topic: school discipline

Exert: The 2013 National School Climate Survey(pdf) is GLSEN's 8th biennial report on the school experiences of LGBT youth in schools, including the in-school resources that support LGBT students’ well-being, the extent of the challenges that they face ...

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OrganizationGay, Lesbian & Straight Education Network

Exert from publication: A mid-sized urban district in the Northeast and Islands Region formulated and implemented a new discipline policy using data and research. To do so, the district examined a national report on districtwide suspension rates, co ...

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OrganizationEducation Development Center, Inc.

"In considering different strategies for promoting productive and safe school environments, it can be difficult to know what works and what doesn’t. In particular, longstanding debates about zero tolerance policies leave many people confused about the bas ...

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OrganizationCenter of Youth at the Vera Institute of Justice
Journal or PublicationIssue Brief

All children and youth have a human right to quality public education in safe and supportive learning environments. Such an education provides a foundation for access to higher education, meaningful employment and full participation in society. Although a ...

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OrganizationDignity in Schools

Excerpt from website Continuing the efforts of the Federal Supportive School Discipline Initiative, the U.S. Departments of Justice and Education* are pleased to announce the next event in the 2014 Supportive School Discipline (SSD) Webinar Series. T ...

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OrganizationOJJDP State Training and Technical Assistance Center (S...

Exert from website: "This planning guide provides a rationale for addressing disparities in school discipline and discusses core issues related to disparities. It is organized into three stages: Digging Into the Data, Getting at the Roots of Dispariti ...

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OrganizationU.S. Department of Education
Addressing Truancy - Innovative Approaches to Systemically Increasing Attendance and Reducing Chronic Truancy Supportive School Discipline (SSD) Webinar Series

After years of study, the research is clear: (1) the impact of truancy on students, schools, communities and society is profound; and, (2) it is critical to take a multi-faceted approach to prevent and reduce truancy. This webinar features positive and c ...

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OrganizationOffice of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (...
Advancing School Discipline Reform

New data from the Civil Rights Data Collection (CRDC) estimates that over 3 million students are suspended or expelled every year, with minorities and special needs students often facing harsher discipline than their peers for the same offenses. Such excl ...

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OrganizationNational Association of State Board of Education
Journal or PublicationEDUCATION LEADERS REPORT

Excerpt from website This second Webinar in the joint U.S. Departments of Education, Justice, and Health and Human Services Supportive School Discipline (SSD) Webinar Series provides the knowledge that school, district, residential facility, and cour ...

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OrganizationOJJDP State Training and Technical Assistance Center (S...
Alternatives to Traditional School Discipline: The Multi-Tiered Behavioral Health Prevention Framework - Supportive School Discipline (SSD) Webinar Series

This second Webinar in the joint U.S. Departments of Education, Justice, and Health and Human Services Supportive School Discipline (SSD) Webinar Series provides the knowledge that school, district, residential facility, and court staff, law enforcement, ...

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OrganizationOffice of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (...
An assessment of the 8/25/15 SFUSD update on Safe and Supportive Schools Resolution implementation

On August 25th, 2015 at the SFUSD Board of Education (BOE) meeting, Kevin Truitt, Chief of Student, Family & Community Support, along with Thomas Graven, Executive Director, and a number of other staff from the department, walked BOE commissioners and par ...

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OrganizationColeman Advocates for Children & Youth

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OrganizationThe Equity Project at Indiana University, The Atlantic ...
Journal or PublicationDiscipline Disparities: A Research-to-Practice Collabor...
Are We Closing The School Discipline Gap?

The main body of this report documents gross disparities in the use of out-of-school suspension experienced by students with disabilities and those from historically disadvantaged racial, ethnic, and gender subgroups. The egregious disparities revealed in ...

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OrganizationThe Center for Civil Rights Remedies at The Civil Right...
Journal or PublicationPublication
Arrested Futures: The Criminalization of School Discipline in Massachusetts’ Three Largest School Districts

On October 23, 2007, a 14-year-old boy at the Kennedy Middle School in Springfield, Massachusetts, was arrested after he refused to walk with a teacher to her office and instead returned to his classroom. According to the police report, he yelled at the t ...

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OrganizationAmerican Civil Liberties Union and Citizens for Juvenil...

Excerpt from website Leading up to the most recent school tragedy and the subsequent call for increasing the number of school resource officers (SROs), growing evidence indicates the need for (1) improved school climate and (2) supportive school disc ...

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OrganizationOJJDP State Training and Technical Assistance Center (S...
At the Intersection of School Safety and Supportive Discipline: Navigating the Roles and Responsibilities of School Resource Officers - Supportive School Discipline (SSD) Webinar Series

Leading up to the most recent school tragedy and the subsequent call for increasing the number of school resource officers (SROs), growing evidence indicates the need for (1) improved school climate and (2) supportive school discipline policies and practi ...

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OrganizationOffice of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (...

Excerpt: School-based police officers, known as school resource officers (SROs), have become a common and growing presence in schools across the nation. The presence of law enforcement in school, while intended to increase school safety, has also been ...

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OrganizationGeorgetown Law Center on Poverty and Inequality; Nation...
Beyond Zero Tolerance

Discipline and Policing in Pennsylvania Public Schools “Zero tolerance” describes a policy that “assigns explicit, predetermined punishments to specific violations of school rules, regardless of the situation or context of the behavior.” The original r ...

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OrganizationAmerican Civil Liberties Union

Girls of color face much harsher school discipline than their white peers but are excluded from current efforts to address the school-to-prison pipeline, according to a new report issued today by the African American Policy Forum and Columbia Law School’s ...

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OrganizationAfrican American Policy Forum

THE CODE OF CONDUCT is based upon the laws, rules, regulations, and policies that seek to allow access to education for all while protecting the due process rights of the individual. Discipline, as defined by the Code, must have the qualities of understan ...

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OrganizationBoston Public Schools

The Council of State Governments (CSG) released a groundbreaking report, Breaking Schools’ Rules, in 2011, which documented the negative impacts that suspension or expulsion from Texas public schools have on students. The CSG report revealed a large “huma ...

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OrganizationTexas Appleseed

Excerpt from website Restorative justice is an effective, evidence-based practice, focused on understanding the roles of victim, offender and community in the restorative process. In this OJJDP-sponsored Webinar, presenters share restorative practices ...

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OrganizationOJJDP National Training and Technical Assistance Center...

Lawmakers have set aside $10 million in one-time funds to be used during the next three years to train teachers and administrators across the state on how to use more positive approaches to disciplining students.

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Journal or PublicationEdSource

The “school to prison pipeline” is a phenomenon that has occurred over the last few decades as school systems have increasingly relied upon zero tolerance policies and law enforcement to manage discipline in schools, resulting in rising incidents of suspe ...

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OrganizationThe National Association of Social Workers
Journal or PublicationPractice Perspectives
Civil Rights Data Collection - Data Snapshot: School Discipline

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OrganizationU.S. Department of Education Office for Civil Rights
Journal or PublicationSchool Discipline Issue No. 1
Clayton County School Protocol Agreement

Example cooperative agreement between public school system, police department, child welfare, district attorneys, behavioral health services, and juvenile justice.

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OrganizationClayton County
Collecting Data and Sharing Information to Improve School-Justice Partnerships

Juvenile courts nationwide handle cases referred by schools for truancy or behavioral incidents. Since 2012, the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges (NCJFCJ) have trained jurisdictions on strategies and policies to reduce the number of re ...

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OrganizationNational Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges
Journal or PublicationPublication
Conditions for Learning - Supportive School Discipline (SSD) Webinar Series

This webinar will focus on strategies to support policymakers, school and district administrators, educators and other adults in the school building in improving school climate and minimizing the use of suspensions and expulsions. Recommendations focus on ...

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OrganizationOffice of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (...

Excerpt: Communities of color have a long-standing history of inequitable treatment by the police in the U.S. In recent years, activists with the Black Lives Matter movement have helped to raise the profile of the destructive treatment of the black comm ...

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OrganizationNational Juvenile Justice Network
Journal or PublicationPublication
Dignity Denied: The Effect of "Zero Tolerance" Policies on Students' Human RIghts

This report examines how the involvement of the criminal justice system in school discipline policies and practices causes deprivations of human rights for children in four key areas: the right to be free from discrimination, the right to education, the r ...

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OrganizationACLU

Disparities in the use of school discipline by race, gender, and sexual orientation have been well-documented and continue to place large numbers of students at risk for short- and long-term negative outcomes. In order to improve the state of our knowledg ...

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OrganizationDiscipline Disparities Collaborative

While the extent of and reasons for disciplinary disparities have been well documented for at least the last 40 years, a number of inaccurate assumptions and myths remain popular but lack research support. This fact sheet describes many of the most common ...

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OrganizationThe Equity Project

"This report aims to make transparent the rates at which school discipline practices and policies impact Black students in every K-12 public school district in 13 Southern states: Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Nor ...

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OrganizationGraduate School of Education PennGSE Center for the Stu...
Journal or PublicationPublication
Disrupting School-Justice Pathways for Youth with Behavioral Health Needs

Throughout the 1990s, the rise of zero-tolerance school discipline policies resulted in the widespread adoption of strict and mandatory responses for a large range of misbehavior in school. An unintended consequence of these policies and practices were yo ...

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OrganizationNational Center for Mental Health and Juvenile Justice ...
Journal or PublicationPublication

Fueled by increasingly punitive approaches to student behavior such as “zero tolerance policies,” the past 20 years have seen an expansion in the presence of law enforcement, including school resource officers (SROs), in schools. According to the U.S. Dep ...

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OrganizationJustice Policy Institute

In 2005-2006, juvenile justice professionals in Pennsylvania’s 67 counties were assessed to determine their current aftercare practices. As a result of this assessment, this Toolkit was written in 2006 to address one of their main areas of concern: helpin ...

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OrganizationEducation Law Center - PA

Discipline Disparities: A Research-to-Practice Collaborative All schools must be safe places for all members of the learning community. Schools have the right and indeed the responsibility to develop safe school climates to protect the safety of studen ...

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Discipline in schools, when appropriately used, can help to create structure and establish rules for a well-functioning classroom and school. All students should feel safe, and have a positive environment in which to learn. The underlying empirical data s ...

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OrganizationCLASP
Ending the Schoolhouse to Jailhouse Track - Clayton Courty, GA

Mission Judge Steven Teske, a juvenile court judge in Clayton County, Ga, began to observe and learn that referrals to law enforcement skyrocketed as soon as school resource officers were stationed at local schools. In fact, in the mid to late nineties ...

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OrganizationEnding the Schoolhouse to Jailhouse Track

The National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges, in partnership with the National Association of School Boards of Education and supported by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention's School Justice Collaboration Program, present ...

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OrganizationNational Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges in...

The Engaging Youth in Schools: Tips for Law Enforcement webinar will provide tips and helpful recommendations for law enforcement agencies to engage and build trust among youth in schools by focusing discussion around the principles 21st century policing. ...

Category:Webinars
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OrganizationInternational Association of Chiefs of Police; National...

Every young person has the human right to a high quality education and to learn in a safe, respectful school environment that protects human dignity. Research has shown that punitive, zero-tolerance approaches to discipline do not prevent or reduce misbe ...

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OrganizationDignity in Schools

Disciplining students, particularly those with chronic or serious behavior problems, is a longstanding challenge for educators. They must balance the needs of the school community and those of the individual student. At the heart of this challenge is the ...

In the nine years since Congress reauthorized the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) as the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB), startling growth has occurred in what is often described as the “School-to-Prison Pipeline”1 – the use of educational p ...

During the 2013-2014 academic year, California schools issued more suspensions than diplomas. Among suspended and expelled students, glaring racial disparities are apparent. Overwhelming numbers of students who have been suspended or expelled from school ...

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OrganizationPublic Counsel

"Bridgeport School Arrests, Suspensions Down” declared a July 2015 headline in the Connecticut Post.1 Communities across the United States are seeing similar results as they try to decrease “school exclusion” discipline methods such as school-based arrest ...

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OrganizationInternational Association of Chiefs of Police
Journal or PublicationPublication

AASA, The School Superintendents Association, and the Children’s Defense Fund (CDF) believe that all schools should be warm, welcoming and productive places for children to learn and for teachers to teach. We believe that exclusionary discipline – suspend ...

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OrganizationThe School Superintendent Association (AASA), The Child...
Journal or PublicationSchool District Codes of Conduct: Guide for District Le...

This report presents the findings and recommendations of the Youth Justice Board, an after school program that engages New York City teenagers in studying public policy issues that affect young people. Since August 2012, the Youth Justice Board has focuse ...

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OrganizationCenter for Court Innovation

In the name of public safety, Black children in Oakland are being arrested at vastly disproportionate rates. This derails their opportunities for educational success while failing to ensure our children’s safety. From Report Card to Criminal Record: The I ...

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OrganizationBlack Organizing Project, Public Counsel, and the ACLU ...
Getting Started - Supportive School Discipline (SSD) Webinar Series

This Webinar will provide policymakers and practitioners with support and practical advice on how to get started with implementing the myriad of recommendations included in the School Discipline Consensus Report. Strategies that will be discussed include ...

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Guiding Principles A Resource Guide for Improving School Climate and Discipline

Developing positive school climates and improving school discipline policies and practices are critical steps to raising academic achievement and supporting student success. However, there is no single formula for doing so. Rather, the growing body of res ...

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OrganizationU.S. Department of Education

This High School Early Warning Intervention Monitoring System (EWIMS) Implementation Guide is a supporting document for schools and districts that are implementing an early warning system or, specifically, the National High School Center’s Early Warning S ...

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OrganizationNational High School Center

In the wake of the tragic shooting at Sandy Hook Elementary School, communities, advocates, and policymakers across the country are proposing and already implementing different ways to address gun violence in our society—such as passing new gun control me ...

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OrganizationAmerican Bar Association (ABA)
Journal or PublicationSection of Litigation Children's Rights Litigation

The number of students issued suspensions in U.S. schools continues to be extremely high, resulting in thousands of students missing school every day. Simultaneously, disparities in school suspension continue to worsen, indicating that students in some gr ...

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OrganizationDiscipline Disparities Collaborative

Exert from website: Meredith Kolodner writes about high schools which are successfully decreasing suspensions and expulsions through trauma sensitive practices that address the reasons for a student’s behavior. In her article, “How Schools Can Lower Su ...

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Journal or PublicationThe Hechinger Report

The federal guidance released in January by the U.S. Departments of Justice and Education on school discipline policies was necessary to advise school districts of their responsibilities under the Civil Rights Act to protect children from discrimination. ...

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Journal or PublicationEducation Week Teacher

The first webinar in this series of four provides an overview of two school-based diversion initiatives that emerged from the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation’s Models for Change Mental Health/Juvenile Justice Action Network, and that have be ...

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OrganizationNCJFCJ and National Center for Mental Health and Juveni...

Learning is not just a cognitive process. Research shows that powerful social and emotional factors affect learning. Some of these factors involve social relationships. These social factors include the teacher's relationship with the student, the student' ...

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OrganizationNational Evaluation and Technical Assistance Center

Last week, Attorney General Eric Holder and Education Secretary Arne Duncan issued the first ever national guidelines for school discipline in public schools, in an effort to keep more students in class and reduce racial disparities in punishment. The fed ...

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OrganizationChild Health and Developmental Institute of Connecticut...

Our nation’s schools should be safe havens for teaching and learning free of crime and violence. Any instance of crime or violence at school not only affects the individuals involved but also may disrupt the educational process and affect bystanders, the ...

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OrganizationBureau of Justice Statistics, National Center for Educa...
Journal or PublicationPublication

Steve Teske doesn’t hold back. He’s a Southern judge, with the boom and flair of a preacher, who has risen to national prominence arguing that too many students get arrested or kicked out of school for minor trouble. “Zero tolerance is zero intelligen ...

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Journal or PublicationThe Washington Post

Large numbers of youth involved with the juvenile justice system have significant mental health and substance abuse issues. Many of these youth could be better served in community settings, and juvenile court judges can lead or support community efforts ...

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OrganizationNational Center for State Courts

The most disadvantaged, troubled students in the South and the nation attend schools in the juvenile justice systems. These children, mostly teenagers, usually are behind in school, possess substantial learning disabilities, exhibit recognizable behavior ...

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OrganizationSouthern Education Foundation

As the education of our children – our nation’s future – and the school-justice connection has increasingly captured public attention, the sunshine of increased graduation rates has brought into sharp focus the shadow of the so-called school-to-prison pip ...

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OrganizationNew York State Permanent Judicial Commission on Justice...

Excerpt: The “school-to-prison pipeline,” a term that has garnered a great deal of attention in recent years, describes the direct link between exclusionary school discipline practices and students’ subsequent involvement in the juvenile justice syste ...

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OrganizationCenter for Juvenile Justice Reform, Georgetown Universi...
Journal or PublicationPublication

Experiences of elevated, prolonged stress or trauma rock the very core of children and young people. In these circumstances, children are overwhelmed with the internal reactions that race through their brains and bodies. They do anything to survive, not b ...

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OrganizationAustralian Childhood Foundation

Excerpt from website As a result of the growing body of evidence demonstrating the alarming relationship between widespread school suspensions and expulsions and involvement in the justice system, today’s schools, courts, and communities require new ...

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OrganizationOJJDP State Training and Technical Assistance Center (S...
Making the Case for Positive Approaches to Discipline - Supportive School Discipline (SSD) Webinar Series

As a result of the growing body of evidence demonstrating the alarming relationship between widespread school suspensions and expulsions and involvement in the justice system, today’s schools, courts, and communities require new thinking about how to posi ...

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OrganizationOffice of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (...

The last twenty years have seen a remarkable increase in the criminalization of American schools and students. What officially began in 1994 with the signing of the federal Gun Free School Zone’s Act (GFSA), has escalated from a series of reforms intende ...

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OrganizationNew York State Juvenile Justice Advisory Group

Exert: The ED School Climate Surveys (EDSCLS) are a suite of survey instruments being developed for schools, school districts, and states by the U.S. Department of Education’s National Center for Education Statistics (NCES). Through the EDSCLS, scho ...

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OrganizationNational Center for Education Statistics

Since first identified by the Children's Defense Fund nearly 40 years ago, researchers have consistently documented African American disproportionality in a range of exclusionary discipline practices including office disciplinary referrals, suspensions, e ...

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OrganizationNational Juvenile Justice Network

U.S. Department of Education Office of Communications & Outreach, Press Office 400 Maryland Ave., S.W. Washington, D.C. 20202 FOR RELEASE: Sept. 8, 2016 CONTACT: Press Office, (202) 401-1576 or press@ed.gov Obama Administration Releases R ...

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OrganizationU.S. Department of Education, Office of Communications ...
Overview of the School Discipline Guidance Package - Supportive School Discipline (SSD) Webinar Series

The U.S. Department of Education (ED), in collaboration with the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ), released on January 8th a school discipline guidance package that will assist states, districts and schools in developing solutions to enhance school climat ...

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OrganizationOffice of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (...
Overview of the Supportive School Discipline Initiative

In Summer 2011, Education Secretary Duncan and Attorney General Holder announced the launch of a collaborative project – the Supportive School Discipline Initiative (Initiative) – between the U.S. Departments of Education (ED) and Justice (DOJ) to support ...

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OrganizationU.S. Department of Education

Our children attend Chicago Public Schools, and in 2003 we came together —African-American and Latino parents and grandparents—around shared experiences and concerns. Our schools have one of the highest rates of suspension in the nation, and African-Ameri ...

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OrganizationParents Organized to Win, Educate and Renew-Policy Acti...

Exert: "As state policymakers strive to provide students with equal educational opportunities, they must look beyond test scores and graduation rates to assess the school environment more broadly, and particularly the role of discipline policies and p ...

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OrganizationNational Association of State Boards of Education
Journal or PublicationPublication

The Office of Special Education (OSEP) Technical Assistance Center for PBIS, was established by the OSEP, U.S. Department of Education to give schools capacity-building information and technical assistance for identifying, adapting, and sustaining effecti ...

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OrganizationOffice of Special Education Programs Center on Positive...

Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports is an evidence-based way for schools to improve student behavior and establish a positive school culture - and when discipline improves, grades and test scores improve as well. PBIS pulls together research-ba ...

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OrganizationTeaching Tolerance

Historically, most educators have recognized two primary aims of school discipline: (a) managing student behavior, relying primarily on the use of teacher‐centered techniques for preventing and correcting misbehavior and (b) developing self‐discipline, co ...

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Journal or PublicationCommunique

Exert from publication: Students learn best when they are in environments in which they feel safe, supported, challenged, and accepted. In addition, environments that have strong school climates foster the social, emotional, and academic well-being of ...

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OrganizationU.S. Department of Education, Office of Safe and Health...

Criminalizing kids for minor misbehavior in our schools unnecessarily exposes them to our justice system and increases the likelihood they will drop out of school and face later incarceration. Involvement of all stakeholders, including judicial leaders, i ...

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Journal or PublicationTrends in State Courts

This chapter will address the excessive use of suspensions and other disciplinary actions against Black males who are disengaged from school. Academically disengaged students often come to school late, miss assignments, have difficulty understanding schoo ...

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OrganizationHoward University
Report on the Evaluation of Judicially Led Responses to Eliminate School Pathways to the Juvenile Justice System

Many schools across the United States have enacted zero tolerance philosophy in response to perceived increases in violence and drugs in schools. It is believed that aggressive and unwavering punishment of many school infractions, including relatively min ...

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OrganizationNational Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges
Journal or PublicationPublication

WHEREAS: San Francisco Unified School District (SFUSD) believes strongly in creating a District-wide, positive, relationship-based culture that is supportive of all members of the SFUSD community and has been a statewide leader in initiating policies to s ...

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OrganizationSan Francisco Unified School District

Exert from website: "Restorative Justice Practices in U.S. Schools Restorative justice is an approach to offending behavior that focuses on repairing harm and restoring relationships, rather than just punishing the perpetrator. Schools are increasi ...

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OrganizationWestEd Justice & Prevention Research Center

Humans are born to learn, but we don’t learn in isolation. We learn based on positive relationships and interactions with peers and in environments like schools that foster opportunities for students and staff to learn and grow together. Educators recogni ...

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OrganizationRestorative Practices Working Group

What is the SECURe State and Local Policy Rubric? The U.S. Departments of Education (ED) and Justice (DOJ) have designed the SECURe State and Local Policy Rubric to provide information for States and local governments looking to develop or revise statu ...

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OrganizationU.S. Department of Education

What is the SECURe Local Implementation Rubric? The U.S. Departments of Education (ED) and Justice (DOJ) have designed the SECURe Local Implementation Rubric to help school districts, schools, and law enforcement agencies determine the type of school-pol ...

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OrganizationU.S. Department of Education
Safe Schools/Healthy Student Initiative National Evaluation 2005-2008 Cohorts

The Safe Schools/Healthy Students (SS/HS) Initiative, developed as a collaboration of the U.S. Departments of Education (ED), Health and Human Services (HHS), and Justice (DOJ), strengthens the role of schools as healthy environments that support the acad ...

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OrganizationSubstance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administrati...
Safety with Dignity: School Climate Leadership Team Report

In February of 2015, Mayor Bill de Blasio launched the Leadership Team on School Climate and Discipline—a one-year task force charged with developing policy recommendations to enhance the well-being and safety of students and staff in the City’s public sc ...

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OrganizationCity of New York

The report that follows has been supported by a grant from the U.S. Department of Defense. While it draws on research and examples from public schools across America, the issues of school connectedness have special salience for children who have one or b ...

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School Discipline Guidance Package: Title IV and Title VI Civil Rights Guidance

The US Department of Education's Office of Civil Rights and the US Department Of Justice's Civil Rights Division will review recent Federal guidance to school districts which outlines each school’s obligation under the Civil Rights Act to administer disci ...

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Excerpt from website This sixth Webinar in the 2014 series, School Discipline Laws and Regulations will be held on June 11, 2014, at 3:30 p.m. ET. This 90-minute Webinar will provide an in-depth review of the Compendium of School Discipline Laws and R ...

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OrganizationOJJDP State Training and Technical Assistance Center (S...

Exert: .... ensuring the education system operates in an effective and equitable fashion is critical for providing our nation’s youth with the opportunity and skills to succeed. While most individuals recognize the inherent value of K–12 education, t ...

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OrganizationKirwan Institute
School Pathways to the Juvenile Justice System Project: A Practice Guide

The NCJFCJ has published this guide as part of a larger project addressing school discipline referrals to the juvenile justice system. The project aims to reduce the number of referrals to the juvenile justice system for school based behaviors through the ...

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OrganizationNational Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges
School Pathways to the Juvenile Justice System The Context for a Practice Guide for Courts and Schools

The NCJFCJ has published a Technical Assistance Bulletin on the School Pathways to the Juvenile Justice System: A Context for a Practice Guide for Courts and Schools as part of a larger project addressing school discipline referrals to the juvenile justic ...

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OrganizationNational Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges

Yesterday's first-of-its-kind federal guidance on school discipline included warnings to school district leaders that school resource officers are too frequently pulled into routine disciplinary matters, an action that can spark unnecessary interactions b ...

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Journal or PublicationEducation Week

Some policymakers have expressed renewed interest in school resource officers (SROs) as a result of the December 2012 mass shooting that occurred at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, CT. SROs are sworn law enforcement officers who are assigned to w ...

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OrganizationCongressional Research Service

For students and educators to achieve their full potential, safe schools are fundamental. Students who report feeling safe in school are more engaged in class, have higher academic achievement, and have lower rates of absenteeism, truancy, and behavioral ...

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OrganizationNational Center for Mental Health Promotion and Youth V...
Journal or PublicationNational Center Brief

With more attention being paid to the safety of young people while they are at school, many communities are considering strategies which are intended to make schools safer environments. Although statistics on school crime and violence convey that such cri ...

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OrganizationCenter for the Prevention of School Violence

Youth courts, also called teen courts or student courts, handle cases involving young people referred by schools, parents, law enforcement, and other criminal justice agencies. Schools are increasingly adopting youth courts to use in place of detention a ...

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OrganizationCenter for Court Innovation
School-Police Partnerships - Supportive School Discipline (SSD) Webinar Series

The School-Police Partnerships webinar will explore how schools and police agencies can work collaboratively to improve school safety, while minimizing the use of arrest and ensuring that law enforcement officials are not responsible for enforcing minor s ...

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OrganizationOffice of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (...

Farmington, CT – Four Connecticut schools were selected as partners in the Connecticut School-Based Diversion Initiative (SBDI) for the 2013-2014 school year. SBDI is an interagency state and local partnership supported by the Connecticut Judicial Branch, ...

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OrganizationChild Health and Developmental Institute of Connecticut...
School–Based Partnerships: A Problem-Solving Strategy

The Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS Office) funded the School-Based Partnerships (SBP) grant program for the purpose of partnering law enforcement agencies with schools to address crime and disorder problems in and around middle and h ...

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OrganizationOffice of Community Oriented Policing Services

Excerpt from website This is the third Webinar in the 2014 series, Guiding Principle 1: Fostering Positive School Climate to Prevent Behavioral Issues and Promote Student Success. This 90-minute Webinar provides an in-depth review of Guiding Principle ...

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OrganizationOJJDP State Training and Technical Assistance Center (S...
SSD Guiding Principle 1: Fostering Positive School Climate to Prevent Behavioral Issues and Promote Student Success - Supportive School Discipline (SSD) Webinar Series

This is the third Webinar in the 2014 series, Guiding Principle 1: Fostering Positive School Climate to Prevent Behavioral Issues and Promote Student Success. This 90-minute Webinar provides an in-depth review of Guiding Principle #1 as outlined within th ...

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OrganizationOffice of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (...

Excerpt from website This fifth Webinar in the 2014 series, Guiding Principle 3: Equity and Continuous Improvement will be held on April 29, 2014, at 3:30 p.m. ET. This 90-minute Webinar will provide an in-depth review of Guiding Principle #3 as ou ...

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OrganizationOJJDP State Training and Technical Assistance Center (S...
Stemming the School-to-Prison Pipeline: Applying Restorative Justice Principles to School Discipline Practices Supportive School Discipline (SSD) Webinar Series

With the potential of teaching conflict resolution skills, fostering understanding and empathy, and building stronger relationships in schools and communities, restorative justice has proven to be an effective alternative to punitive and exclusionary resp ...

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OrganizationOffice of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (...

The Let Her Learn Survey revealed that more than 1 in 5 girls have been sexually assaulted, while 1 in 3 girls reported either sexual assault or other violence. As a result of educational barriers, girls are being pushed out of school. There was an increa ...

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OrganizationNational Women's Law Center
Journal or PublicationPublication
SUMMARY OF 2013 INTERGOVERNMENTAL AGREEMENT BETWEEN DPS AND DPD

This is a brief summary of the key policies and language contained in the 2013 Intergovernmental Agreement (IGA) between Denver Public Schools (DPS) and the Denver Police Department (DPD). The IGA was publicly signed by DPS Superintendent Tom Boasberg and ...

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OrganizationPadres Unidos and Advancement Project

The Children’s Defense Fund’s report, Suspensions: Are They Helping Children? first brought the issue of racial disparities in discipline to national attention. African American over-representation in out-of-school suspensions has increased steadily from ...

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OrganizationThe Equity Project

What is the purpose of this document? The purpose of this document is to summarize evidence-based, positive, proactive, and responsive classroom behavior intervention and support strategies for teachers. These strategies should be used classroom-wide, ...

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OrganizationU.S. Office of Special Education Program

Many students across the Nation struggle with emotional and behavioral problems that may lead them to act out in ways that school administrators and teachers might not understand or be prepared to respond to effectively. In today’s era of highstakes testi ...

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OrganizationThe National Evaluation and Technical Assistance Center

In the early 1990s, many schools adopted zero tolerance policies, which mandate the use of specific disciplinary consequences—often severe and punitive—in an effort to increase school safety. Originally designed to reduce weapon-carrying in schools, these ...

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OrganizationEducation Development Center, Inc.
The court’s role in Dismantling the school-to-Prison Pipeline

The juvenile justice system in America is a paradox when it comes to promoting the welfare of our nation’s young people. We have come a long way from old English common law which treated children as adults under the "vicious will” doctrine,1 to creating j ...

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OrganizationNational Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges
Journal or PublicationJuvenile and Family Justice Today

Ironically, zero tolerance policies once promoted as a solution to youth violence have created a school to prison pipeline. Widespread discipline practices of suspension, expulsion, and arrest for school behavior problems are turning kids in conflict int ...

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Journal or PublicationReclaiming Children and Youth

Exert from publication: School suspension rates have been rising since the early 1970s, especially for children of color. One body of research has demonstrated that suspension from school is harmful to students, as it increases the risk of retention and s ...

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OrganizationThe Center for Civil Rights Remedies
The Impact of School Resource Officers on Community-Based Policing

Effective school resource officer (SRO) programs recognize and utilize the special training and expertise law enforcement officers possess that is well suited to effectively protect and serve the school community. SROs contribute to the school safety t ...

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OrganizationNational Association of School Resource Officers
Journal or PublicationThe Police Chief
The Intersection of Juvenile Courts and Exclusionary School

Prior to the passage of the Gun Free Zone Act of 1994 (GFZA), school administrators and educators were largely responsible for addressing students' misbehavior in school. However, since the implementation of GFZA, there has been an increasing number of sc ...

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OrganizationSchool Justice Partnership; National Council of Juvenil...
Journal or PublicationPublication

Please join the International Association of Chiefs of Police, in partnership with the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges and supported by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention's School Justice Collaboration Program i ...

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OrganizationInternational Association of Chiefs of Police, National...

Millions of U.S. public school students in grades K‒12 are suspended or expelled in an academic school year, particularly students in middle and high school.2 Research demonstrates that when students are removed from the classroom as a disciplinary measur ...

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OrganizationJustice Center The Council of State Governments
The School Discipline Consensus Report: Strategies from the Field to Keep Students Engaged in School and Out of the Juvenile Justice System

RESEARCH AND DATA ON SCHOOL DISCIPLINE practices are clear: millions of students are being removed from their classrooms each year, mostly in middle and high schools, and overwhelmingly for minor misconduct. When suspended, these students are at a signif ...

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OrganizationJustice Center The Council of State Governments

Across Colorado and the country, there is more attention on school discipline issues and the "school-to-prison pipeline" than ever before. The overuse of out-of-school suspensions, expulsions, police tickets, and school-based arrests – particularly for St ...

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OrganizationPadres & Jovenes Unidos

The Portal offers law enforcement, criminal justice, and school personnel an opportunity to gain critical knowledge and training on issues impacting youth in their community such as: school safety, safeguarding children of arrested parents, and child sex ...

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OrganizationInternational Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP)

Excerpt from website This 90-minute Webinar, the seventh in a series from the Supportive School Discipline Initiative, examines the impact of exposure to trauma on student behavior, discusses how some discipline responses can traumatize or re-traum ...

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OrganizationOJJDP State Training and Technical Assistance Center (S...

The story is very sad and way too familiar. Ryan, a third­grader who lives in a San Francisco housing project, watched his father beat up his mother one night, something he’d witnessed since infancy. His dad was arrested, his mom was taken off in an am ...

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OrganizationUCSF

Excerpt from website This Webinar provides the knowledge that school, district, and court staff, law enforcement and legal personnel, youth, families, and other community stakeholders need to better understand how the use of youth courts in schools c ...

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OrganizationOJJDP State Training and Technical Assistance Center (S...

Excerpt from website This Webinar provides the knowledge that school, district, and court staff, law enforcement and legal personnel, youth, families, and other community stakeholders need to better understand how the use of youth courts in schools ...

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OrganizationState Training and Technical Assistance Center (STTAC)

The restraint and seclusion of individuals—practices usually associated with highly restrictive environments—are extreme responses to student behavior used in some public schools (see Box 1). This brief aims to answer important questions about the extent ...

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OrganizationCarsey Institute
Journal or PublicationNational Issue Brief

Excerpt: "Suspensions, expulsions, and school-based arrests are used too often in our schools and disproportionately impact students of color. According to data from the U.S. Department of Education, during the 2013-2014 school year, Black K-12 studen ...

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OrganizationDignity in Schools Campaign

Discipline Disparities: A Research-to-Practice Collaborative Recent national tragedies—the deaths of Trayvon Martin, Eric Garner, Michael Brown, and Tamir Rice keep issues of race at the forefront of our national consciousness. As much as we try to lo ...

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Columbine High School, Littleton, Colorado. Heath High School, West Paducah, Kentucky.3 Westside Middle School, Jonesboro, Arkansas. Zero tolerance policies5 were adopted in these schools and around the country in response to tragic school shooting eve ...

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Journal or PublicationWashington University Law Review

 National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges (NCJFCJ)

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