School Justice Partnership: National Resource Center

National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges

Resource Topic: trauma

A CHECKLIST FOR SCHOOL PERSONNEL TO EVALUATE AND IMPLEMENT THE MENTAL HEALTH COMPONENT OF YOUR SCHOOL CRISIS AND EMERGENCY PLAN

The US Department of Education has published a model emergency-response and crisis-management plan for schools, which is now available at www.ed.gov/emergencyplan. Mental health issues are an important part of this plan. Based on lessons learned from scho ...

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OrganizationThe National Child Traumatic Stress Network

All children and youth have a human right to quality public education in safe and supportive learning environments. Such an education provides a foundation for access to higher education, meaningful employment and full participation in society. Although a ...

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OrganizationDignity in Schools
A Trauma Primer for Juvenile Probation and Juvenile Detention Staff

Juvenile justice probation and detention workers play an important role in helping system-involved youth and families navigate justice and social service systems; achieving goals of accountability, competency, and community safety; and promoting safety, s ...

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OrganizationNational Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges

Excerpt: This resource is intended to help educators understand how they might address the interplay of race and trauma and its effects on students in the classroom. After defining key terms, the guide outlines recommendations for educators and offers ...

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OrganizationNational Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN)

Each year, nearly 380,000 minors experience “unaccompanied” homelessness — meaning they are homeless and without a parent or guardian — for a period of longer than one week. (1) These young people, much like their adult counterparts, are often cited, arre ...

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OrganizationCoalition for Juvenile Justice
Journal or PublicationPublication

Educators, mental health professionals and other community leaders are about to conclude a year of education on how to make Hancock County more sensitive to the needs of people who have suffered trauma. But, they say, the work is just beginning. The Ha ...

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Journal or PublicationThe Courier
Advancing Trauma-Informed Systems for Children

Childhood trauma exposure is a significant public health concern. Children are exposed to potentially traumatic events at alarming rates and the negative effects of untreated traumatic stress can last a lifetime. By the age of 17, more than 71% of all chi ...

Resource Type
OrganizationChild Health and Development Institute of Connecticut
Journal or PublicationIMPACT
Age-Related Reactions to a Traumatic Event

A fundamental goal of parenting is to help children grow and thrive to the best of their potential. Parents anticipate protecting their children from danger whenever possible, but sometimes serious danger threatens, whether it is manmade, such as a school ...

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OrganizationThe National Child Traumatic Stress Network
Are We Closing The School Discipline Gap?

The main body of this report documents gross disparities in the use of out-of-school suspension experienced by students with disabilities and those from historically disadvantaged racial, ethnic, and gender subgroups. The egregious disparities revealed in ...

Resource Type
OrganizationThe Center for Civil Rights Remedies at The Civil Right...
Journal or PublicationPublication
Arrested Futures: The Criminalization of School Discipline in Massachusetts’ Three Largest School Districts

On October 23, 2007, a 14-year-old boy at the Kennedy Middle School in Springfield, Massachusetts, was arrested after he refused to walk with a teacher to her office and instead returned to his classroom. According to the police report, he yelled at the t ...

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OrganizationAmerican Civil Liberties Union and Citizens for Juvenil...
Assessing Exposure to Psychological Trauma and Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms in the Juvenile Justice Population

Screening and assessment of traumatic stress and its psychosocial after-effects play an important role in a trauma-informed juvenile justice system. Trauma exposure and its negative consequences are highly prevalent among justice-involved youth. For examp ...

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OrganizationThe National Child Traumatic Stress Network

Excerpt: School-based police officers, known as school resource officers (SROs), have become a common and growing presence in schools across the nation. The presence of law enforcement in school, while intended to increase school safety, has also been ...

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OrganizationGeorgetown Law Center on Poverty and Inequality; Nation...

Girls of color face much harsher school discipline than their white peers but are excluded from current efforts to address the school-to-prison pipeline, according to a new report issued today by the African American Policy Forum and Columbia Law School’s ...

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OrganizationAfrican American Policy Forum
Child Trauma Toolkit for Educators

Research suggests that approximately 25% of American children will experience at least one traumatic event by the age of 16. A child's reactions to trauma can interfere considerably with learning and/or behavior at school. However, schools also serve as a ...

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OrganizationThe National Child Traumatic Stress Network
Child Traumatic Stress: What Every Policymaker Should Know

This guide was written to educate policymakers about the scope and impact of childhood trauma, to offer effective solutions that can be implemented with the support of informed public policy, and to provide information about additional resources. The Nati ...

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OrganizationThe National Child Traumatic Stress Network
Complex Trauma in Children and Adolescents

The term complex trauma describes the dual problem of children’s exposure to traumatic events and the impact of this exposure on immediate and long-term outcomes. Complex traumatic exposure refers to children’s experiences of multiple traumatic events th ...

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Resource Type
OrganizationThe National Child Traumatic Stress Network
CONNECTICUT SCHOOL-BASED DIVERSION INITIATIVE MANUAL

This manual summarizes the major activities of the Connecticut School-Based Diversion Initiative (SBDI); an initiative funded by a grant from the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. The manual is intended to aid communities in developing their ...

Resource Type
OrganizationJudicial Branch’s Court Support Services Division
Creating a Trauma-Informed Law Enforcement System

This Brief describes how partnerships developed by Network members and police agencies are helping to create a trauma-informed law enforcement system.

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OrganizationThe National Child Traumatic Stress Network

Excerpt: Communities of color have a long-standing history of inequitable treatment by the police in the U.S. In recent years, activists with the Black Lives Matter movement have helped to raise the profile of the destructive treatment of the black comm ...

Resource Type
OrganizationNational Juvenile Justice Network
Journal or PublicationPublication
Creating Trauma-Informed Child-Serving Systems

The first issue of the series describes why creating trauma-informed child-serving systems is necessary and suggests specific competencies that systems can adopt to work effectively with traumatized children and their families.

Resource Type
OrganizationThe National Child Traumatic Stress Network

Exert from article: Ending the summer and beginning a new school year is a source of both excitement and anxiety for most children. But amidst the thrill of choosing special school supplies, finding a distinctive backpack, and shopping for new clothes ...

Resource Type
OrganizationNational Council for Adoption
Journal or PublicationAdoption Advocate

The webisode held 11/15/2016 "explored the changing role of law enforcement in addressing youth and young adults with a mental illness. The program will discuss evidence-based strategies to combine efforts of police officers, mental health educators, and ...

Resource Type
OrganizationSAMHSA

Fueled by increasingly punitive approaches to student behavior such as “zero tolerance policies,” the past 20 years have seen an expansion in the presence of law enforcement, including school resource officers (SROs), in schools. According to the U.S. Dep ...

Resource Type
OrganizationJustice Policy Institute
Effective Treatments for Youth Trauma

Dealing with a child’s traumatic experience is confusing and stressful for parents as well as for the child. They wisely seek help, but the search for help can itself be confusing. How do parents know whether a proposed treatment has a good chance of work ...

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OrganizationThe National Child Traumatic Stress Network

Excerpt: Research shows that youth who have supportive caregivers have better outcomes than youth with less supportive caregivers. This is true across the juvenile justice, child welfare, behavioral health, and education systems. Youth whose caregiver ...

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OrganizationNational Reentry Resource Center; Bureau of Justice Ass...

The National Center for Mental Health and Juvenile Justice, in partnership with the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention and Futures Without Violence, will present \"Emerging Opportunities to Use Medicaid to Support Trauma Services in Sch ...

Category:Webinars
Resource Type
OrganizationThe National Center for Mental Health and Juvenile Just...

Discipline in schools, when appropriately used, can help to create structure and establish rules for a well-functioning classroom and school. All students should feel safe, and have a positive environment in which to learn. The underlying empirical data s ...

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OrganizationCLASP

Excerpt: This Toolkit provides practical tools and resources to assist law enforcement agencies in building or enhancing effective operational responses to children exposed to violence (with or without a mental health partner). This toolkit contains t ...

Resource Type
OrganizationInternational Association of Chiefs of Police; Yale Med...
Journal or PublicationPublication
Evidence-Informed Interventions for Posttraumatic Stress Problems with Youth Involved in the Juvenile Justice System

Therapeutic treatment of the psychosocial after-effects of childhood exposure to traumatic stressors is a key component in the development of trauma-informed juvenile justice systems (Kerig, 2012). More than 80% of juvenile justice-involved youth report a ...

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OrganizationThe National Child Traumatic Stress Network
Facts on Traumatic Stress and Children with Developmental Disabilities

General The term developmental disability means a severe, chronic disability of an individual that 1. is attributable to a mental or physical impairment or combination of mental and physical impairments; 2. is manifested before the individual attains ...

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OrganizationThe National Child Traumatic Stress Network
Family Trauma Assessment

Children depend on their families for support and reassurance. This is especially true following a traumatic event when a child’s belief in the safety and predictability of the world has been undermined. But trauma does not affect the child alone.The effe ...

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OrganizationThe National Child Traumatic Stress Network

Exert: "Imagine a world where no child has experienced a traumatic event. In this world, students experience behavioral and emotional security, teachers manage classrooms free from the toll that trauma takes on their students, and society is free fro ...

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OrganizationKirwan Institute

In the name of public safety, Black children in Oakland are being arrested at vastly disproportionate rates. This derails their opportunities for educational success while failing to ensure our children’s safety. From Report Card to Criminal Record: The I ...

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Resource Type
OrganizationBlack Organizing Project, Public Counsel, and the ACLU ...

Exert: Published in 2005, TLPI’s landmark report summarizes research from psychology and neurobiology that documents the impact trauma from exposure to violence can have on children’s learning, behavior and relationships in school. The report also introdu ...

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OrganizationMassachusetts Advocates for Children

Exert: Volume 2 of Helping Traumatized Children Learn: Creating and Advocating for Trauma-Sensitive Schools, safe, supportive learning environments that benefit all children offers a Guide to a process for creating trauma-sensitive schools and a policy ag ...

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OrganizationMassachusetts Advocates for Children
Helping Traumatized Children: Tips for Judges

A majority of children involved in the juvenile justice system have a history of trauma. Children and adolescents who come into the court system frequently have experienced not only chronic abuse and neglect, but also exposure to substance abuse, domesti ...

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OrganizationThe National Child Traumatic Stress Network

Exert from website: Meredith Kolodner writes about high schools which are successfully decreasing suspensions and expulsions through trauma sensitive practices that address the reasons for a student’s behavior. In her article, “How Schools Can Lower Su ...

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Journal or PublicationThe Hechinger Report
How to Implement Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT)

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OrganizationThe National Child Traumatic Stress Network

Learning is not just a cognitive process. Research shows that powerful social and emotional factors affect learning. Some of these factors involve social relationships. These social factors include the teacher's relationship with the student, the student' ...

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OrganizationNational Evaluation and Technical Assistance Center

Excerpt from website In early childhood settings across the country, professionals understand that young children need to be taught social and emotional skills just like they need to be taught math and reading. When children are impacted by stress a ...

Resource Type
OrganizationFutures Without Violence

Excerpt - There has also been little research on how youth behaviors and decision-making influence police–youth contact (Brunson and Weitzer 2011), or on how officers’ concerns for community safety and their own safety influence these interactions. ...

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OrganizationOffice of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (...
Judges and Child Trauma: Findings from the National Child Traumatic Stress Network/National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges Focus Groups

Child trauma is endemic in the juvenile justice system. At least 75% of youth involved in the juvenile delinquency system have experienced traumatic victimization, and 1111–50% have developed posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Many of these young peopl ...

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OrganizationThe National Child Traumatic Stress Network

Large numbers of youth involved with the juvenile justice system have significant mental health and substance abuse issues. Many of these youth could be better served in community settings, and juvenile court judges can lead or support community efforts ...

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OrganizationNational Center for State Courts

Experiences of elevated, prolonged stress or trauma rock the very core of children and young people. In these circumstances, children are overwhelmed with the internal reactions that race through their brains and bodies. They do anything to survive, not b ...

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OrganizationAustralian Childhood Foundation

The last twenty years have seen a remarkable increase in the criminalization of American schools and students. What officially began in 1994 with the signing of the federal Gun Free School Zone’s Act (GFSA), has escalated from a series of reforms intende ...

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OrganizationNew York State Juvenile Justice Advisory Group

Excerpt: Several high-profile incidents of violence at U.S. schools have, understandably, raised concerns about the safety of students while at school. Just one incident of violence causes significant harm. In light of this, it is important to examine ...

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Resource Type
OrganizationU.S. Department of Justice; Office of Justice Programs;...
Journal or PublicationPublication

Passed in the 2014 legislative session, Substitute House Bill 2739 (Chapter 196, Laws of 2014) directs that an analysis examine the effects of community factors such as economic well-being, safety and family challenges on academic and youth success. In c ...

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OrganizationWashington State University

RECORDING WILL BE AVAILABLE AT A LATER DATE: - PLEASE CHECK BACK. Sponsored by the NCCTS Policy Program and the NCTSN Policy Task Force. This webinar is co-sponsored by the NCTSN Schools Committee. In this webinar experts will explore policy challenge ...

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OrganizationThe National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN)
Psychological and Behavioral Impact of Trauma: HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS

These comprehensive documents are intended for educators who work primarily with preschool, elementary, middle school, and high school students, respectively. They describe how to identify children in the four age groups who may be experiencing traumatic ...

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OrganizationThe National Child Traumatic Stress Network
Psychological and Behavioral Impact of Trauma: MIDDLE SCHOOL STUDENTS

These comprehensive documents are intended for educators who work primarily with preschool, elementary, middle school, and high school students, respectively. They describe how to identify children in the four age groups who may be experiencing traumatic ...

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OrganizationThe National Child Traumatic Stress Network

This chapter will address the excessive use of suspensions and other disciplinary actions against Black males who are disengaged from school. Academically disengaged students often come to school late, miss assignments, have difficulty understanding schoo ...

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OrganizationHoward University
Report on the Evaluation of Judicially Led Responses to Eliminate School Pathways to the Juvenile Justice System

Many schools across the United States have enacted zero tolerance philosophy in response to perceived increases in violence and drugs in schools. It is believed that aggressive and unwavering punishment of many school infractions, including relatively min ...

Resource Type
OrganizationNational Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges
Journal or PublicationPublication

Severe trauma in children causes toxic stress in kids, which can damage the brain and lead to the child being put in a flight, fight, or fright mode that is physiologically impossible to learn in. Being a trauma-informed school means shifting the discipli ...

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Severe trauma in children causes toxic stress in kids, which can damage the brain and lead to the child being put in a flight, fight, or fright mode that is physiologically impossible to learn in. Being a trauma-informed school means shifting the discipli ...

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WHEREAS: San Francisco Unified School District (SFUSD) believes strongly in creating a District-wide, positive, relationship-based culture that is supportive of all members of the SFUSD community and has been a statewide leader in initiating policies to s ...

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OrganizationSan Francisco Unified School District

Humans are born to learn, but we don’t learn in isolation. We learn based on positive relationships and interactions with peers and in environments like schools that foster opportunities for students and staff to learn and grow together. Educators recogni ...

Resource Type
OrganizationRestorative Practices Working Group

Exert from website: This new policy report from Futures without Violence calls for “sufficient funding to dramatically increase the creation and expansion of trauma-sensitive schools”, as one of several key recommendations about what children and youth ne ...

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OrganizationFutures without Violence

Excerpt from website This sixth Webinar in the 2014 series, School Discipline Laws and Regulations will be held on June 11, 2014, at 3:30 p.m. ET. This 90-minute Webinar will provide an in-depth review of the Compendium of School Discipline Laws and R ...

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OrganizationOJJDP State Training and Technical Assistance Center (S...
School Pathways to the Juvenile Justice System Project: A Practice Guide

The NCJFCJ has published this guide as part of a larger project addressing school discipline referrals to the juvenile justice system. The project aims to reduce the number of referrals to the juvenile justice system for school based behaviors through the ...

Resource Type
OrganizationNational Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges

For students and educators to achieve their full potential, safe schools are fundamental. Students who report feeling safe in school are more engaged in class, have higher academic achievement, and have lower rates of absenteeism, truancy, and behavioral ...

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OrganizationNational Center for Mental Health Promotion and Youth V...
Journal or PublicationNational Center Brief

The third webinar in this series of four provides strategies for identifying youth who are both at risk of juvenile justice system referral from the school setting and who may have behavioral health needs. On this webinar, experts will discuss the most ef ...

Resource Type
OrganizationNational Center for Mental Health and Juvenile Justice;...
Secondary Traumatic Stress A Fact Sheet for Child-Serving Professionals

Each year more than 10 million children in the United States endure the trauma of abuse, violence, natural disasters, and other adverse events. These experiences can give rise to significant emotional and behavioral problems that can profoundly disrupt th ...

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OrganizationThe National Child Traumatic Stress Network
Self Care for Educators

Working daily with children who have been exposed to trauma can be very difficult for school professionals. This handout defines secondary traumatic stress, compassion fatigue, and vicarious traumatization: three reactions that educators who work with tra ...

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OrganizationThe National Child Traumatic Stress Network

The woman had dropped out of the weight-loss study. So had a frustratingly high number of other patients, most of whom seemed to be succeeding at losing weight before quitting. This confused Vincent J. Felitti, the doctor leading the 1980s study. So he ...

Resource Type
OrganizationChildren's Fund of Connecticut
Journal or PublicationThe Connecticut Mirror

The Let Her Learn Survey revealed that more than 1 in 5 girls have been sexually assaulted, while 1 in 3 girls reported either sexual assault or other violence. As a result of educational barriers, girls are being pushed out of school. There was an increa ...

Resource Type
OrganizationNational Women's Law Center
Journal or PublicationPublication
The Intersection of Juvenile Courts and Exclusionary School

Prior to the passage of the Gun Free Zone Act of 1994 (GFZA), school administrators and educators were largely responsible for addressing students' misbehavior in school. However, since the implementation of GFZA, there has been an increasing number of sc ...

Resource Type
OrganizationSchool Justice Partnership; National Council of Juvenil...
Journal or PublicationPublication

This toolkit provides a step-by-step guide for implementing some of the core principles and activities of the full SBDI initiative. A simple-to-use checklist is included to guide you through implementation of key SBDI elements. There are self-assessment q ...

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OrganizationCourt Support Services Division of the Connecticut Judi...

Excerpt from website This 90-minute Webinar, the seventh in a series from the Supportive School Discipline Initiative, examines the impact of exposure to trauma on student behavior, discusses how some discipline responses can traumatize or re-traum ...

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OrganizationOJJDP State Training and Technical Assistance Center (S...
Trauma among Girls in the Juvenile Justice System

Despite falling crime rates, more adolescent girls are arrested and incarcerated in the United States today than ever before (NMHA, 2003). Nearly three-quarters of a million girls below the age of 18 were arrested in 1997, accounting for 26 percent of ju ...

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OrganizationThe National Child Traumatic Stress Network
Trauma Information Pamphlet for Teachers

Traumatic events cause terror, intense fear, horror, helplessness, and physical stress reactions (for example, heart beating fast, strong startle, stomach dropping, shakiness). The impact of these events does not simply go away when they are over. Instead ...

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OrganizationTrauma Psychiatry Program UCLA

Exert from publication: A trauma-sensitive school is a safe and respectful environment that enables students to build caring relationships with adults and peers, self-regulate their emotions and behaviors, and succeed academically, while supporting their ...

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OrganizationLesley University
Trauma-Informed Classrooms Technical Assistance Bulletin

The impact of students’ life experiences on their behavior has garnered increasing attention as schools strive to develop more supportive academic environments that address the needs of at-risk youth and facilitate continued academic engagement. Few event ...

Resource Type
OrganizationNational Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges
Journal or PublicationPublication

The story is very sad and way too familiar. Ryan, a third­grader who lives in a San Francisco housing project, watched his father beat up his mother one night, something he’d witnessed since infancy. His dad was arrested, his mom was taken off in an am ...

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OrganizationUCSF
Victimization and Juvenile Offending

Children of all ages in the United States are increasingly being exposed to violence and victimization. While the types of violence and levels of exposure differ for children of different ages, rates of interpersonal violence and victimization of 12-to-1 ...

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Resource Type
OrganizationThe National Child Traumatic Stress Network
What can be done at school to help a traumatized child?

This document provides a list of simple and straightforward strategies educators can use to accommodate a traumatized child in the school setting. It also teaches educators how to determine when traumatic stress reactions are severe enough to merit a refe ...

Resource Type
OrganizationThe National Child Traumatic Stress Network

 National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges (NCJFCJ)

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